TSEBO Journal of Humanities https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo Faculty of Humanities en-US TSEBO Journal of Humanities 1991-2307 Ubuntu and Deontology with Reference to Severely Mentally Disabled Persons https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/3 <p><em>This article attempts, first of all, to normatively discuss the two moral theories namely; Ubuntu </em><em>and Deontology with the aim of promoting the welfare of severely mentally disabled people. These</em> <em>theories seem to segregate severely mentally disabled human beings because Ubuntu argues that </em><em>personhood is acquired through one’s participation in communal traditional rituals while</em> <em>Deontology argues that personhood is acquired through autonomy and rationality. Secondly, this</em> <em>article addresses the question of the virtue of why severely mentally retarded people deserve to be</em> <em>respected instead of being used in medical research as research objects. The paper concludes with </em><em>a recommendation that there is an urgent need to uphold moral duties of human beings towards </em><em>other vulnerable human beings and value human life.</em></p> Seeiso Koali Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2015-01-01 2015-01-01 2 5 1 9 Livestock Production and Rural Development in Lesotho https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/4 <p><em>It is argued by some scholars that many Basotho farmers reared livestock mainly for prestige, and not for economic purposes. Although this argument holds, the contribution of livestock production to rural development in Lesotho has been very significant since the colonial period. Both Colonial and Post-colonial Lesotho governments introduced different agricultural programmes and policies to improve livestock production in the country. Improvement in Livestock production allowed Basotho to use livestock for different purposes such as farming, performing cultural ceremonies, trading and many others. Besides providing people with the means of sustenance, livestock production, especially sheep and goats are the main sources of wool and mohair which has been the main export to the international market since the colonial period. Marketing of wool and mohair ensures that Basotho farmers earn some income to maintain their households. In addition, the sale of wool and mohair on the international market brings in foreign exchange into the country that also increases the national income. Besides integrating Lesotho into the international market, wool and mohair farmers supply small local weaving industries with some raw materials for processing of different items. These small scale weaving enterprises also export the finished products to the world market. This paper is a historical analysis of this important yet neglected industry since the mid-19th century to the late 20th century and the role it has played in rural development.</em></p> Tsepiso A. Rantso Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2015-01-01 2015-01-01 2 5 9 22 Communicative Problems of Interpreting during Crosslinguistic Interactions between Non-Sesotho-speaking Doctors and Monolingual-Basotho Patients in Lesotho Hospitals https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/5 <p><em>This paper investigates the linguistic and communicative problems between doctors and patients </em><em>who do not share a common language in Lesotho hospitals. The study was conducted in </em><em>out-patient departments of two hospitals, one at the St. Joseph’s Hospital in Roma and</em> <em>the other at the Quthing Hospital. The study found out that doctors and patients who did </em><em>not share a common language relied exclusively on the linguistic services of an ad hoc</em> <em>interpreter. The study also found out that ad hoc interpreters, including family members, </em><em>friends and other healthcare staff members such as nurses committed serious linguistic </em><em>errors which potentially impacted not only on the cross-linguistic doctor-patient</em> <em>communication but also on diagnosis and the negotiation of medical outcomes. These </em><em>problems were detected in the discourse verbally translated from the primary</em> <em>participants’ source language into the target language, which emerged from the </em><em>interpreted renditions</em></p> Raphael Motlalepula Thuube Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2015-01-01 2015-01-01 2 5 23 43 Roman Catholic Perspective of Sin and Homosexuality: Scrutinizing the Signs of the Times https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/7 <p><em>In a pluralistic world, in which the issues of homosexuality and gay rights have </em><em>taken the centre stage of discourse in Sub-Saharan Africa, critical analysis is </em><em>required to re-appraise the Roman Catholic perspective of sin and </em><em>homosexuality. Again, the emergence of the study of homosexuality as a </em><em>subfield within African Studies gives further vent to critical reflection to assess </em><em>the merits and demerits of Church pronouncements on the issues. In the </em><em>context of emerging fields of study and various sexual orientations of people </em><em>of different cultures today, the issue of the Roman Catholic understanding of </em><em>sin and her teaching on homosexuality has become problematic to many, </em><em>especially the young ones in various higher institutions of learning. A growing </em><em>number of them think that the recent comments of the Catholic Pontiff are not </em><em>helping matters. The challenges seem to lie in balancing the teachings on </em><em>homosexuality with the belief that God is merciful and loving. The relatively </em><em>charitable disposition of the Pope calls for the re-evaluation of the Church </em><em>stance on sin and homosexuality. Therefore, the paper, using historical and </em><em>analytical methods, examines the basic meaning of sin and puts in context the </em><em>chances of accepting homosexuals without indeed undue focus on their habits </em><em>that may be in need of healing. Drawing on relevant literature and on the </em><em>assertions of some students in my classes, the paper concludes that in a </em><em>pluralistic society the homosexuals may make the human community richer </em><em>when given the same opportunities accorded the majority orientation.</em></p> Patrick U. Nwosu Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2015-01-01 2015-01-01 2 5 44 54 The Perception of Ambiguous Sentences by English L2 Speakers https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/11 <p><em>This paper explores and compares the perception of lexical and structural ambiguity by English L2 </em><em>speakers. The study on which it is based used data collected from the National University of Lesotho </em><em>students in the second, third and fourth years of study. The students were selected from the departments of </em><em>Law, Nursing, Pastoral Care and Counselling, English and Political Science. A structure is considered </em><em>perceived if it occurs accurately 90 percent of the time. The study finds that students fail to perceive</em> <em>ambiguous sentences and that their perception of structural ambiguity is better perceived than that of </em><em>lexical ambiguity.</em></p> 'Mampoi Irene Chele-Mabena Copyright (c) 2021 2021-05-14 2021-05-14 2 5 55 67 Economic and Political Equality as Socialist Ideals https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/8 <p><em>The paper evaluates Nielsen’s second principle of justice and compares it with Rawls’ difference principle. </em><em>The conclusion arrived at is that their difference is one of degree and not of substance since they both</em> <em>promote inequalities. The paper also argues against Beiner’s perspective regarding political citizenship</em> <em>as the sole end worthy of pursuit. It concludes that economic equality also ought to be pursued as an end </em><em>itself.</em></p> Louis Manyeli Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2021-05-14 2021-05-14 2 5 68 81 Usage, Syntactic Maturity and Syntactic Development of Subordinate Clauses Among NUL Students https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/9 <p><em>Many scholars became interested in looking at the syntactic maturity of students in their writing. In investigating this, they set themselves different measures. The current study explores usage, syntactic maturity and syntactic development of subordinate clauses among the National University of Lesotho (NUL) second and third year English language and Linguistics students. They were requested to perform the task ofwriting an essay on given topic. The findings of the present study reveal that NUL students have a reasonably high level of syntactic maturity in their writing as shown by how they used subordinate clauses. The data also demonstrate that there is no difference between second and third year students as far as the use of subordinate clauses is concerned. The study concludes that one year difference between the two years of study is not a great difference academically, which is why there is no difference in syntactic development in NUL students’ writing as measured through the use of subordinate clauses.</em></p> 'Matšitso Eugenia Maleke Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2021-05-14 2021-05-14 2 5 82 91 Supporting vulnerable learners in Lesotho Education System https://journals.nul.ls/index.php/tsebo/article/view/10 <p><em>This article explores a dissonance between the way reports published by the Ministry of Education and </em><em>Training (MOET), explain how schools are supported and empowered to be inclusive of learners with</em> <em>barriers to learning and development, and perception that teachers, in one school, have of the support to</em> <em>vulnerable learners. A qualitative approach was used to gather and analyse data, and results indicate that </em><em>the MOET documents learners' registration annually, including learners with disability and orphans, and </em><em>spends huge sums of money on bursaries and book subsidies. The Ministry's records also show training of</em> <em>teachers on counselling as it plans to establish support structures from schools to the Ministry</em> <em>headquarters. However, teachers deny receiving any training on counselling and yearn for any form of </em><em>support from MOET: schools lack systematic methods of assessing learners’ needs, and psycho-social </em><em>support to learners is not only minimal but also lacks continuity. Teachers mostly focus on their teaching </em><em>load in overcrowded classes while mostly oblivious of learners’ individual psycho-social needs. It is</em> <em>recommended that the MOET develop clear policy guidelines on psychosocial support to vulnerable </em><em>learners, provide requisite resources for such support and devise mechanisms to assess efficiency of s</em><em>uch </em><em>support.</em></p> Paseka Andrew Mosia Malephoto Lephoto Copyright (c) 2015 TSEBO Journal of Humanities 2021-05-14 2021-05-14 2 5 92 105